Le Jugement des Morts dans le Papyrus du Livre des Morts d'Hunefer et d'Any / The Judgement of the Dead from the Book of Dead of Hunefer and Any


Source: British Museum

Ce rouleau de papyrus a été trouvé dans la tombe du scribe Hunefer à Thèbes. Il date de la XIXème dynastie, vers 1285 avant J.-C. Il est conservé au British Museum

This papyrus was found in the tomb of the scribe Hunefer in Thebes. It dates from the 19th Dynasty, about 1285 BC. It can be seen in the British Museum.

Papyrus from the Book of the Dead of Any


From Thebes, Egypt
19th Dynasty, around 1275 BC

The judgement of the dead in the presence of Osiris

This scene from the Book of the Dead of Any reads from left to right. At the left, Any and his wife enter the judgement area. In the centre are the scales used for weighing the heart, attended by Anubis, the god of embalming. The process is also observed by Any's ba spirit (the human-headed bird), two birth-goddesses and a male figure representing his destiny.

Any's heart, represented as the hieroglyph for 'heart' (a mammal heart), sits on the left pan of the scales. It is being weighed against a feather, the symbol of Maat, the principle of order, which in this context means 'what is right'. The ancient Egyptians believed that the heart was the seat of the emotions, the intellect and the character, and thus represented the good or bad aspects of a person's life. If the heart did not balance out with the feather, then the deceased were condemned to non-existence, and was consumed by the ferocious 'devourer', the strange beast, part-crocodile, part-lion, and part-hippopotamus, shown at the right of this scene.

However, a papyrus devoted to ensuring the continued existence of the deceased is not likely to depict this happening. Once the judgement is completed, the deceased was declared 'true of voice' or 'justified', a standard epithet applied to dead individuals in their texts. The whole process is recorded by the ibis-headed deity Thoth. At the top twelve deities supervise the judgement

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